The Revival of Pittsburgh: Lessons for the G20
economist.com — Pittsburgh does not rely solely on UPMC or the health industry the way it once leant on steel. When the steel industry collapsed in the early 1980s, the city and region lost 120,000, or about half, of all its manufacturing jobs. Some 50,000 Pittsburghers left the region annually. The city’s revival since then has been part organic and part good long-term planning. State and local officials provided investment, while universities and community and corporate leaders came together to develop economic and business strategies for the region. Pittsburgh’s employment has, over the ensuing three decades, diversified quite well.